Braces Tightening: Frequency, Purpose and Side-Effects

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  1. Home
  2. Dental Articles
  3. Orthodontic Articles
  4. Braces Tightening: Frequency, Purpose and Side-Effects

A straight and stunning smile – it’s the dream, isn’t it? And with braces fitted by a specialised orthodontist, it’s a dream that’s well within reach.

But braces aren’t a treatment you can set and forget; they require regular adjustments and reviews in order to effectively align your teeth. So, just how often do braces need tightening, and what can you expect during and after your maintenance appointments?

We explore the ins and outs of braces tightening below.

How often should I have my braces tightened?

While every patient is different, you should generally have your braces adjusted or tightened every 4-10 weeks.

Keep in mind, though – your orthodontist will personalise your braces treatment to your individual needs, so there’s no exact adjustment time that will suit everyone.

In the initial appointment, your orthodontist will assess the severity of your malocclusion and develop a braces-tightening schedule especially for you. Your personalised adjustment timeline will depend on your age and oral health, as well as the alignment of your teeth and jaw. Patients with severely crooked teeth may need to have their braces tightened more frequently – although even in severe cases it’s unlikely you would need your braces tightened every 2 weeks for the entire treatment period.

What happens if you don’t get your braces tightened?

If you don’t regularly have your braces tightened or adjusted by your orthodontist, they may cause damage. Why? Because as your teeth move and slowly align, the tension produced by the wires and elastics of your braces will change. This means the pressure can decrease (and stop moving altogether) or may start applying pressure that you don’t want.

Your orthodontist needs to regularly adjust your braces in order for them to continue to place the correct pressure on your teeth. Your elastics need changing at each appointment, and your wires may need to be replaced, adjusted or tightened.

Why do I need to get my braces adjusted?

While their three years of additional specialist training does give your orthodontist expert knowledge in the field of straightening and aligning teeth, every person is different, and your teeth and gums may not always move as expected.

At certain points, your teeth may require more pressure – or pressure in a different direction to achieve the desired results. This is why regular monitoring and adjustment by your orthodontist is absolutely essential.

Please, whatever you do – don’t attempt to tighten or adjust your braces at home! You may well do lasting damage to your teeth and gums.

Side-effects of braces tightening

After having your braces tightened, you can expect to feel some discomfort and sensitivity in your teeth, gums and jaw. The discomfort is usually mild and feels more like your teeth are bruised rather than a throbbing toothache pain. These side-effects should only last for a day or two and some people find that the pain of having their braces tightened eases as treatment progresses.

How to tighten your braces

Keen to know what exactly is involved in having your braces tightened by an orthodontist? We break the process down step-by-step.

Your orthodontist may:

  1. Remove the elastic bands that affix the archwire to the brackets on your teeth.
  2. Remove the archwire itself.
  3. Give you the opportunity to thoroughly brush and floss your teeth without the hindrance of the elastic ligatures and wires.
  4. Carefully examine the health and position of your teeth to determine what adjustment or tightening is necessary.
  5. Place the archwire (either your old wire or a new one) back onto the metal brackets.
  6. Attach new elastic bands to affix the archwire to each bracket.

How to relieve braces tightening pain

There are many ways to relieve temporary braces tightening discomfort. Effective pain relief ideas include:

  1. Over-the-counter pain medicine such asparacetamol or ibuprofen.
  2. Topical anesthetic creams and gels.
  3. Non-toxic orthodontic wax.
  4. An ice pack, ice water or cold foods.
  5. Gargling with warm salty water.
  6. A gum massage.
  7. Soft foods

Things to eat when you get your braces tightened

It’s best to stick to a soft-food diet for the first day or two after having your braces tightened (avoid hard or sticky foods like boiled lollies, popcorn or chewing gum). We recommend soft foods such as:

  • Soup.
  • Mashed potato, pumpkin or sweet potato.
  • Fruit or vegetable smoothies.
  • Yoghurt.
  • Ice-cream or frozen yoghurt.
  • Macaroni cheese or other soft pasta dishes.
  • Soft fruit like bananas, berries and pawpaw.
  • Porridge or rice pudding.

Braces require regular maintenance – but a memorable smile is more than worth it. Eager to explore your options? Click here to search for an orthodontist near you now.

To see the original article, click here.


The content has been made available for informational and educational purposes only. Central Coast Orthodontics does not make any representation or warranties with respect to the accuracy, applicability, fitness, or completeness of the content.

The content is not intended to be a substitute for professional personal diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of your dentist or another qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a dental or medical condition. Never disregard professional advice or delay seeking it because of something you have read or seen on the Site.

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